For students, writing a project report can be a huge task. I know this because I was once in their shoes. Here is a guideline or format on how to write your own project report with ease.
1. Cover Page: This is the first page of a project report. Here, you write down the Project Title, Your Name, Department, School, Supervisor(s) and Date.
2. Abstract: The abstract is a brief summary of results obtained from your project work. No need for long stories here, just the results obtained – always with just one paragraph.
3. Acknowledgement: Here, you thank those people who have helped you in the course of your project work. It could be your supervisor, course-mates, other lecturers, friends, family members or even me helping you now. Please always acknowledge your lecturers to avoid avoidance.
4. Table of contents: This is a list of chapters or sections and sub_sections of your project report and the page(s) where they are located. The preliminary pages are numbered using roman numerals while other pages are numbered using the Arabic numerals (numbers).
5. List of Figures: This is a comprehensive list of diagrams, sketches, graphs etc found in the report with their respective page number(s). NOTE that the diagrams must be labelled accordingly.
6. List of Tables: This is a comprehensive list of table of values and their page number found in the report.
7. Chapter 1: This is the “Introduction” part of the report. In this section, you describe the project topic briefly. To help you do this, you break this section down into three subsections like this:
1.2 Aims and Objectives
1.3 Significance and relevance of study.
1.4 Scope and limitation.
8. Chapter 2: This part is the body of the project report. It is called the “literature review.” In the literature review, you explain everything you know about the topic (the raw material, the properties, hypothesis and theories, etc).
Note that it is important to always cite your references by putting it in parenthesis. To do this, you write the name of the author(s) and the year his work was published.
9. Chapter 3: This section can be called the “research methodology”. Here, you clearly describe the procedure and apparatus (if any) used to carry out the experiments.
10. Chapter 4 (Results and Discussion): In this section, you present the results of the experiments performed. You should use tables to make your work neat and tidy. Don’t forget to name your tables. Graphical interpretation of results should be done here. The results deduced from the graph and the experiments performed should be clearly explained/discussed here.
11. Chapter Six (Conclusion and Recommendations)
That is all you need to write up your school project. I wish you best of luck.